Learning Victorians--a wealth of information from the British Library (the British equivalent to the Library of Congress)--should definitely be your first stop!
BBC History: Victorians--A thorough resource of all things Victorian
Ideals of Womanhood in Victorian England--has articles about how the attitudes of women evolved and changed during this time period.
History in Focus--goes into detail about assylums, law & order, men & women, and politics
Dickens' London Brought to Life--a photo essay from the Daily Mail
Britain's Child Slaves Helped Form England--a really interesting article from the Daily Mail about the history of children during the Victorian Era.
Children in Victorian England--from the BBC
The Victorian Child--a paper written by a professor at the University of Pittsburgh.
Victorian Crime & Punishment--a website that looks at these issues.
Victorian Mugshots--this is a fascinating Flickr collection from the Newcastle City Gaol (Jail) and House of Correction Collection between the years of 1871-1873. If you click on a mugshot, his or her story will come up at the bottom.
The High Life Victorian Style--Shows pictures of some wealthy Victorians at a balloon race. Notice the difference in what they wear compared to Victorians in other pictures!
Victorian Fashion--from the Victoriana Magazine
A Victorian Christmas--looks at how the holiday was celebrated.